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How to Start a Fire for Survival Knowing how to create a fire is among of the most fundamental skills required for survival in the wilderness. A fire can serve various purposes. It can keep your body dry, warm and comfortable. It can be used to cook food, clean water and sterilize bandages. It can drive away dangerous animals away and even flying insects with the smoke. Of course, you can also use it to signal for help. Choosing Your Fireplace Before beginning a fire, you have to find a good spot for it. You need to choose well as location matters a lot. First find a place that is sheltered and protected from the wind and has good supply of wood and fuel fuel. Also make it a point that nothing nearby, such as dry vegetation, can catch fire. As anyone would know, the number priority is always safety. Remove any debris in the area and begin the fire on solid ground, a flat shale of rock or a layer of stones. This keeps the possibility of a ground fire at bay and will make sure no traces of the fire are left, except soot stones. Choosing Your Fire Material
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To start a fire, you must do it gradually, starting with smaller wood pieces and moving on to bigger ones as the fire builds up.
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Tinder What you need is some kind of material that easily starts a fire, like good tinder, which is ignited by a mere spark. The tinder must be completely dry, of course. Many things can be used for tinder, such as paper, bark, resin, leaves and bark. Resin can be sourced from spruce and pine trees. What’s great about resin is that it burns even when it’s wet. A knife is all you need to turn dry sticks and pieces of bark into powdery tinder. Note that tinder is fire’s most important content so it must be prepared well. Rub resin on small twigs and sticks if possible. Have enough tinder on hand so your fire doesn’t go out. Gather tinder before you need it, and keep some in your pocket or backpack so it’s always ready when you have to use it. Kindling Highly combustible, kindling is a good addition to burning timber. The best choices are small and dry sticks and twigs. They can easily light the moment you add them to a small flame. Fuel When your fire has established, you can start adding bigger firewood pieces but not without ensuring they are completely dry. Dead trees make some of the best providers of dry firewood. Final Tips As we have said earlier, safety must be your main priority when starting a fire. That means never leaving camp until the fire has been out completely. And certainly, it’s best to check twice or probably even thrice.